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位置:湖南师范大学自考 > 自考题库 > 2016年自考真题及答案 > 湖南自考网整理:2016年4月全国自考《英语(二)》真题及答案

湖南自考网整理:2016年4月全国自考《英语(二)》真题及答案

来源:湖南自考网 时间:2017-04-03
  英语(二)与历年考研试卷有所不同,它针对的是一些报考专业学位硕士不考英语(一)的学生的一套考研英语试卷。由教育部考试中心组织专家研究命题,在考研统考中使用。   也就是说,英语一和英语二在研究生考试中同时使用。那么考研英语二主要针对哪些考生呢。弄清这个问题,大家要先弄清楚自己所考的硕士类别。近几年国家研究生教育在进行改革,改革方向是将硕士分为两种:一种是学术性研究生,偏重学术方面,还有一种称为专业学位研究生,偏重培养高级管理人才或专门人才,如职业经理人、会计师、工程师等等。这种分法在国外教育体制中体现得很明显,典型的如英国。我们国家以后研究生培养方向将和国际接轨,分为这两种类别。   学术性研究生要继续考英语一,而一部分考专业学位的研究生将遭遇考研英语二。国家教育部有详尽规定说明,目前我国专业学位研究生包括19种,如体育硕士、汉语国际教育硕士、翻译硕士等。大家要注意这19种专业学位硕士不是都要考英语二,其中一些专业学位硕士基本上是不会考英语二的,而必考英语一,比如法律硕士。而有一些是要考英语二的,比如MBA、MPA等。具体来说,如何确定自己考英语一还是英语二呢。考生可参照报考院校的招生简章中的报考科目,简章中会明确说明考英语一还是英语二。其中英语一编号为201,政治编号为101,而英语二编号为204。。还有一个简便的方法是,考研网上报名成功后,考生使用报名号登录网上报名网站,输入报名号,查看自己的报名信息就可以看到自己的初试考试科目。   考试内容试题分四部分,共48题,包括英语知识运用、阅读理解、英译汉和写作。 2016年4月英语二自考真题及答案


 以下是湖南自考网整理:2016年4月全国自考《英语(二)》真题及答案
 
2016年4月全国自学考试《英语(二)》真题   绝密★启用前   2016年4月髙等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试   英语(二)试卷(专卡)   (课程代码00015)   本试卷共8页,满分100分,考试时间150分钟。   考生答卷前必须将自己的姓名和准考证号写在答题卡上。   必须在答题卡上答题,写在试卷上的答案无效。   第一部分:阅读判断(第1?10题,每题1分,共10分)   下面的短文后列出了 10个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果 该句提供的是正确信息,选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B;如果该句的 信息文中没有提及,选择C。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。   Red Nose Day   Red Nose Day (RND) is a well-known event in the UK. The aim of the day is to raise money for Comic Relief. This is a charity that helps people in need in Africa and in the UK.   Comic Relief was started in 1985 by Richard Curtis. He wrote the famous films “Four Weddings and a Funeral” and “Notting Hill”. Richard started Comic Relief in response to the severe famine in Ethiopia. It’s called Red Nose Day as on this day many people buy a plastic red nose to wear! The money made from selling red noses goes to the charity.   Red Nose Day takes place every two years in the spring. It is now so well established that many people consider it to be an unofficial national holiday.   The slogan for the last RND was “Do Something Funny for Money.” The money that was collected was used to help fund projects in such areas as education and mental health. Money-raising events take place on this day all over the country and many schools participate. People also donate money by post, inbanks, by phone using a credit card and online.   In the evening of Red Nose Day a telethon takes place on the BBC TV channels. This is like a television marathon (马拉松)that shows some of the events of the day and reports how the money raised will be spent. People also upload videos of local charity events onto the Internet.   So, if you are ever in the UK on Red Nose Day,you will know why you find normal people wearing red noses and doing silly things! It’s all for a good cause!   1.Red Nose Day is a famous event in Britain.   A. True B. False C. Not Given   2. Comic Relief aims to help people all over the world.   A. True B. False C. Not Given   3. Richard Curtis is a well-known actor and film director.   A. True B. False C. Not Given   4.Many people wear a red nose on Red Nose Day.   A. True B. False C. Not Given   5. Red Nose Day takes place every year.   A. True B. False C. Not Given   6. Red Nose Day has become an official national holiday.   A. True B. False C. Not Given   7.The funnier people look, the more money they collect.   A. True B- False C. Not Given   8. People give money to Comic Relief in many ways.   A. True B. False C. Not Given   9.Many schools take part in the money-raising events on Red Nose Day.   A. True B. False C. Not Given   10. The Red Nose Day telethon has attracted lots of film stars.   A. True B. False C. Not Given
 
  第二部分:阅读选择(第?15题,每题2分,共10分)   阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出1个最佳选 项,并在答题卡相应位置上将该项涂黑。   Those Who Ride on Two Wheels In the United States there are six million tennis players and twelve million golfers. These figures would not surprise most people. But many would be surprised to learn that twenty million Americans ride motorcycles (摩托车).Few people realize that motorcycling is fast becoming one of America’s most popular sports.   According to the Cycle News,many kinds of people enjoy motorcycling. They include black people and white people, businessmen, professionals, and blue-collar workers. Among them, about 55% are businessmen, 3% are in the professions and 9% in government service.   Such information is offered by the Cycle News in the hope of improving the general public’s impression of the sport. The public has tended to believe that all motorcyclists are wild and lawless young men.   There are several things about motorcycling that the average citizen dislikes. A motorcyclist’s appearance has something to do with this dislike. Motorcyclists often look dirty; in fact, they are dirty. On the road, there is little to protect them from mud. For practical reasons, they often dress in old clothing which looks much less respectable than the clothing of people who ride in cars. For the same reason, motorcyclists usually wear dark colors. Perhaps this helps to explain why they are sometimes suspected of having bad natures.   Probably motorcycles themselves also produce anger and fear. They are noisy, though some trucks are even noisier. But trucks are acceptable because they perform a needed service. Motorcycles, on the other hand, make an uncomfortable noise just to give their riders pleasure. Roaring along quiet streets, they wake sleeping families and make babies cry.   Yet, as motorcycling becomes more and more common, it will be interesting to see how people in general feel about the sport. Perhaps it will someday become as ‘^respectable’’ as tennis or golf.   11、 According to the text, more and more Americans like___.   A.playing tennis B. playing golf C. motorcycling D. car-racing   12、According to the Cycle News,over half of the motorcyclists are _____•   A. black people B. white people C. businessmen . D. professionals   13、 The Cycle News wants to_________   A. make motorcyclists lawful citizens B. improve the image of motorcycling C. persuade people to buy motorcycles D. raise the status ofblue-coUar workers   14、 Motorcyclists usually wear dark colors because_________.   A. they want to be respectable B. they want to be impressive   C.the colors look different D. the colors suit their sport   15、 Some people dislike the motorcycle because it is___________.   A.noisy B. heavy C. costly D. illegal   第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第16?25题,每题1分,共10分)   阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试任务:(1)从第16?19题后所给的5个 选项中为第0?©段每段选择1个正确的段落大意;(2)从第20?25题后所给的7个 选项中选择6个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。   How to Forgive, Forget and Let Go O Forgiving someone does not mean releasing them from an earlier guilt. What if the person who wronged you is not living? What if the person is someone who made you extremely embarrassed during school 20 or 30 years ago? Letting go of emotional pain does not mean that nothing happened; it means that you no longer want to be controlled by it.   Recognize that forgiveness is not denial. Whatever caused the pain was a real incident. Denying that it happened means it is too painful to work through the emotions. There is no timeline on forgiveness. Some steps take longer to get through, and it is acceptable to set them aside for a period of time. Part of forgiveness is understanding whether or not someone takes responsibility for what happened, and may even show regret.   Understand that not everyone who forgives reconciles with the person who caused the pain. There are relationships that are harmful and even physically dangerous. While it is possible to forgive the past and move beyond it,it may also mean that the person who was involved can no longer play an active role in yourlife. If a person or situation is not safe,it may be best not to reconcile therelationship now. Work on forgiveness at d time when you are emotionally healthy and physically safe.   ® Make a conscious decision to forgive someone. Even if they never apologize for what happened, determine within yourself that it is fine to proceed without this apology. Apologies should not be asking for forgiveness. Apologies should be offered as an effort of true regret. They should be admitting that taking personal responsibility for the situation is important. Even without that apology, make up your mind to forgive, forget, and eventually let go.   Taskl   16、 Paragraph O:   17、 Paragraph ®:   18、 Paragraph 0:   19、 Paragraph O:   A、 Forgiving should be at a safe time.   B、 Forgiving is not to deny what happened.   C、 Forgiving is not to free someone from blame.   D、 Forgiving can happen without an apology.   E、 Foigiving can lead us away fix>m the past hurt.   Task 2   20、 You may forgive some___________________   21、 There is no fixed time________________   22、 Even if you’ve forgiven someone,_______   23、 Don't rush to forgive those_____________-   24、 Some people apologize merely_______________   25、 If you expect an apology,___________________   A、 you may not become friends   B、 to offer forgiveness   C、 who are still dangerous to you   D、 who wronged you long time ago   E、 you may never get rid of emotional pain   F、 ho only forgive those showing regret   G、 for being forgiven   第四部分:填句补文(第26?30题,每题2分,共10分)   下®的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。   Natural Resources   Throughout history, people have often selected where they want to live based on the natural resources that are available in the area. 26 Some of these resources include water, food sources such as fruits and vegetables, and animals that can be caught or hunted.   A region’s natural resources determine the way of life of its people. 27 |On the other hand,poor soil will either send people looking for better places, or attract people with other purposes for the land, such as setting up businesses or factories.   28 People who wish to make a living as fishermen can do so by the pcean, but cannot do so in the desert. Desert people have many traditional and |mique foods, which cannot be found in the forest. Each area attracts people based on their interests and purposes.   Areas that have rich water resources will naturally have more people, frraditionally, villages,towns and cities built near water have been the most luccessful. People there are able to use the water resources to meet their daily lieeds. 29 Places that are hard to reach,such as high mountains or dry Beserts, will have fewer people living in them.   30 For too long, people have destroyed natural resources, using up those [resources that cannot be easily replaced. On the earth, we are lucky to have many resources that are renewable, such as sun, wind, water, and trees. As more and more focus is placed on the use of renewable resources, it will become easier to |>rotect our planet from further harm.   A.It is easy to find new resources in nature.   B .Renewable resources are those that can be replaced easily.   c.While you may not think of oceans as natural resources, they are.   D .for example, regions with rich soil can support fanning societies.   E .They can also use the water to help them move goods to other areas.   F.Natural resources are useful to people, and they come from the earth.   第五部分:填词补文(第31?40题,每题1.5分,共15分)   下面的短文有10处空白,短文后列出彳2个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。   Business English Helps   English plays an important role in the workplace. When it is used in the correct and proper 31,it can help to promote a career or a business. Some may 32 or want to study business English 33 they start their careers. Those who are already working have the 34 to see what they can and cannot do 35 in English in their current job.   Business English provides you with valuable skills needed for your work. For example, you will learn 36 to negotiate. Being able to deal with a 37 and knowing how to bargain and 38 an agreement can make a 39   difference to the outcome.   Business English learning encourages professional and efficient communication, and promotes service to customers and business partners, 40 is a great advantage for any business.   A. big E. reach I. way   B. need F. which J. how   C. what G conflict K. small   D. before H. effectively L. opportunity   第六部分:完形补文(第41?50题,每题1.5分,共15分)   下面的短文有川处空白,每处空白后的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。   Silent Listening   If something bad just happened (happen) to your friend, what would you do? Would you mention it to him and say you feel sorry about it? Would you offer support or advice? According to Ruth Clark, such 41 (treat) could mean well, but it might not be what he 42 (real) wants or needs.   Clark asked some college students to imagine some 43 (pleasant) situations, e.g., a low exam grade or the dad’s 44 (lose) of his job. The students were then 45 (ask) how they would like to be treated by a friend who learned of the bad situation from someone else. The results were a little 46 (surprise). Some said they would want and expect their friend to mention the 47 (annoy) situation, but most of the students in the study 48 (respond) that they would like the friend not to do it. The students made the 49 (decide) for themselves whether to discuss their problem with a friend. So, there is value in being a silent 50 (listen) around a troubled friend.   第七部分:短文写作(第51题,30分)   请根据所提供材料中的要求完成一篇100词左右的英文写作任务。将你的答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。   51. 某英文报社正在举行题为“fight against haze(雾霾)”的征文活 动。请你就此题目写一篇英文短文应征,内容包括:•雾霾会造成哪些危害 •我们可以采取哪些对措施
 
2016年4月全国自学考试《英语(二)》答案
2016年4月全国自学考试《英语(二)》答案
2016年4月全国自学考试《英语(二)》答案

 
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